Chronic Kidney Disease
Kidneys are responsible for three things, they remove waste from your body, they produce red blood cells and control blood pressure. When your kidney is not working, all these things might go wrong. There are one in ten people who have Chronic Kidney Disease.
1)The common and scientific name of the disease.The common and scientific name is Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) / Chronic Renal Disease(CRD). Rena l:Kidney

What causes it? How is it transmitted?

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs when one suffers from gradual and permanent loss of kidney function over time. Kidneys are no longer able to clean toxins and waste product from the blood.
Although chronic kidney disease sometimes results from primary diseases of the kidneys themselves, the two major causes are diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Diabetes urinary_structures.jpg images.jpeg
  • High blood pressure
  • inflammation
  • hereditary
  • Over-the-counter medicines
  • Clogging and hardening of the arteries
  • Obstruction of the flow of urine by stones
  • Cancers

It can not be transmitted by anyways and it is only the permanent loss of kidney function of the patient.


What are the symptoms? How long do they last? Is it deadly?

  • Changes in Urination
  • Swelling
  • Fatigue
  • Skin Rash
  • Metallic taste in mouth
  • Vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling cold
  • Dizziness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Leg pain

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Can it be cured? If so, how? If not, is there any way that we can at least treat it?
Chronic Kidney disease can not be cured but can be controlled.
These are some things that you can do:
  • Lower your high blood pressure. Reducing the blood pressure slows the rate of the GFR decline
  • Take medication or follow a prescribed diet to control anemia
  • Control glucose and blood lipids
  • Stop smoking
  • Increase physical activity
  • Control body weight. If you are overweight, it's important to reduce your weight.
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet

If you are at the end-stage of Chronic Kidney Disease , a person’s kidneys stop working completely will need to undergo dialysis or kidney transplantation.








Sources:

1.National Kidney And Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/#CKD
2. Original source: From ISN / IFKF World Kidney Day Website
3. AAFP: American Family Physician / __www.aafp.org__
3. Family Doctor.org
4. emedicinehealth.com /__www.emedicinehealth.com/chronic_kidney_disease/article_em.htm__