Leukemia


What is it?
Leukemia in Greek means white, and blood, meaning that leukemia is blood cancer. Leukemia is also the cancer to the bone marrow. The bone marrow is a tissue in your bones that produces blood cells for your body. Leukemia is in a group of disease called Hematological malignancy which are types of cancers that harm your blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. They are in a ‘group’ because they are all connected to the immune system, so if there is cancer harming one of the three in the group, they rest are affected by the cancer too. Leukemia is not a infectious disease and cannot be caused by coughing, sneezing, sharing blood, etc.
This is where a bone marrow is located.
This is where a bone marrow is located.
These are leukemia cells.
These are leukemia cells.



What are the basic types of leukemia?
Leukemia is when a person suffers from abnormal production of blood cells, mainly white blood cells. Leukemia is subdivided into 2 main groups, acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Acute leukemia is when there is a rapid and uncontrollable production of blood cells making the bone marrow unable to make healthy ones. Children are more vulnerable to the acute leukemia than adults. Chronic leukemia is basically the same thing but there are more healthy blood cells and chronic leukemia occurs mostly in the elderly.


How can you get leukemia?
No one is exactly sure how you can receive leukemia but everyone is vulnerable to it, but you can definitely receive cancer by overexposure to radiation, smoking, and even if you have been treated with a drug that fights cancer, later on, get acute leukemia. Leukemia is not passed on from generation to generation and cannot be passed on from person to person, and it is rare for one family to have more than one person diagnosed with leukemia.

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What are the symptoms of leukemia?
Some people with chronic leukemia may not even have any symptoms, but because leukemia is cancer in the blood, your doctor may even diagnose you with leukemia in a normal blood checkup. People with acute leukemia are more likely to feel sick. That is caused by the affected blood cells in the brain. Patients may feel dizzy, confused, headaches and seizures etc. Leukemia can affect on your health majorly because blood travels everywhere around your body. People with chronic leukemia may have fevers, wake up sweating, bleed or bruise a lot, they may feel weak constantly and lose weight quickly for no reason.
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Can it be cured and how?

The treatment to cure your leukemia may depend on the kind of leukemia you have, your age, and how much the leukemia have spreaded. People with acute leukemia need to be cured and treated right away. Unlike people with acute leukemia, people with chronic leukemia may not have to be treated right away. If the people with chronic leukemia does not have symptoms, should wait until they start getting symptoms and that’s the time when you start your treatment. Most patients with leukemia are treated with chemotherapy, chemotherapy kills the fast growing cells, but sadly, it kills the good cells like hair cells.


You cannot avoid having leukemia by eating right or watching your weight unlike other diseases. All you can do is hope for the best and live your life the fullest. (:
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References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leukemia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_myelogenous_leukemia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronic_myelogenous_leukemia
http://www.medicinenet.com/leukemia/article.htm