Necrotizing Faciitis (Flesh Eating Bacteria Syndrome)

What is Necrotizing Faciitis?

Necrotizing Faciitis is a disease where a type of deadly bacteria eats away your flesh, tissue and skin at an extremely fast speed, and spreads across your body easily. This type of disease is more commonly found in men than women, and are more commonly found in middle aged people, which means children rarely have/ get this disease.


What causes Necrotizing Faciitis and why do people get it?


Necrotizing Faciitis is caused by various bacteria, you can get infected by the bacteria if:

- Your unhealed wound is in contact with sea water

- A surgery that injures your intestines

- A bruise



- Muscle strains

- Sexually contact another person who has Necrotizing Faciitis



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A patients left leg in a surgery

Necrotizing Faciitis is also caused by bacteria called haemolytic Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Streptococcus pyogenes is a very dangerous spherical bacterium which causes many diseases, for exmple: The Rheumatic fever, and Pharyngitis. Staphylococcus aureus is a bacteria which also causes various diseases, like: Scalded skin syndrome and septic arthritis.


Are you at risk of having Necrotizing Faciitis?

You could be at risk of getting Necrotizing Faciitis if you have diabetes, cancer, liver or kidney diseases. You would also be at risk if you have a weak immune system, which means that it would be hard for you to fight off the bacteria with your immune system. You can also be at risk with Necrotizing Faciitis is you start growing a rash, or if you recently had chickenpox, and the rashes remain.


What are the symptoms of Necrotizing Faciitis?


Necrotizing Faciitis's symptoms include:

- Diarrhea

- Vomit and Nausea

- Fever

- Swelling Skin

- Rashes

It is important that you look after yourself properly and you should contact a doctor right away if the symptoms above are present.


What can Necrotizing Faciitis lead to? How can we treat it?

Although Necrotizing Faciitis is a very rare disease, but it is very severe and can even lead to death. The disease starts off with a small purple colored lump, then slowly the lump would become a rash and your skin would break apart and become a wound. After that, the skin would be "eaten" by the bacteria, next the fat and flesh would also be "eaten" as well, leaving the muscle visible to the naked eye.

Necrotizing Faciitis can be treated in many different ways, the 3 main treatments are: antibiotics, surgery and oxygen therapy.

Antibiotic treatment is for patients at early stages of Necrotizing Faciitis, but the success rate is not very high.

Surgery therapy is the most common used therapy for patients with Necrotizing Faciitis, because you can cut away the infected tissues to stop the infection from spreading and "eating" away more of your flesh.

Oxygen therapy is also a very common way to deal with this disease. Oxygen therapy is where a patient is put in a chamber full of oxygen, which would help the wound of the patient to heal faster. Unfortunately, this type of therapy is not available in all hospitals and are extremely hard to find in poorer countries.


FACTS:

- Necrotizing Faciitis was reported to be found in cats only twice


- Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylicoccus aureus are sometimes found naturally in cats



Bibliography:


"Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Bacteria)-Topic Overview." WebMD - Better information. Better health.. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2010. <http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/necrotizing-fasciitis-flesh-eating-bacteria-topic-overview>.

"Best Way - Necrotizing Fasciitis Treatment | eHow.com." eHow | How To Do Just About Everything! | How To Videos & Articles. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2010. <http://www.ehow.com/way_5142083_necrotizing-fasciitis-treatment.html>.

"Streptococcus pyogenes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptococcus_pyogenes>.
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A patient's right body infected by Necrotizing Faciitis